The history of Gujarat is an illustrious one. The history of Gujarat state comprises an important part of Indian historical texts.
Gujarat finds mention in ancient historical artifacts. The history of Gujarat encompasses the Indus Valley civilization. The history of Gujarat is replete with the mementos and associated artifacts of the ancient civilization. About 50 Harappan settlement ruins were discovered in Gujarat.
The Dravidian tribes were the original inhabitants of the region. The ancient history of Gujarat was enriched by their commercial activities. There is a clear historical evidence of trade and commerce ties with Sumer in the Persian Gulf during the time period of 1000 to 750 BC.
Ancient Gujarat marks one of the glorious chapters in Indian history. It started from the beginning of the Indus civilization and culminated with the conquest by the Muslim rulers from central Asia.
The earliest archaeological traces of ancient Gujarat can be found in the historical relics of the Indus Valley civilization. The Indus Valley civilization is also known as the Harappan civilization. The Harappan civilization existed during the historical time-period from 3300 to 1700 BC.
Gujarat was always an important trading post from times immemorial. Bharuch-a port in ancient Gujarat had strategic importance during the Maurya and Gupta periods. Bharuch was also an important naval trading port. After the decline of the Gupta empire in the 6th century,ancient Gujarat was ruled by successive Hindu kings.
Ancient Gujarat is full of the imperial grandeur of Chandragupta Maurya. Emperor Ashoka, the grandson of Chandragupta Maurya ordered the engraving of his famous edicts on a rock at present day Junagadh. Emperor Ashoka also commissioned the task of an irrigation network in ancient Gujarat.