KeolaDeo Ghana National Park

Bharatput,Rajasthan
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Home to over 300 species of birds, Keoladeo Ghana National Park popularly known as Bharatpur National Park, is situated near Bharatpur in eastern Rajasthan. The park lies between two of India’s tourism centres – Agra and Jaipur – about 190 km from Delhi. Keoladeo is just two km from the erstwhile royal capital of Bharatpur, […]

Home to over 300 species of birds, Keoladeo Ghana National Park popularly known as Bharatpur National Park, is situated near Bharatpur in eastern Rajasthan. The park lies between two of India’s tourism centres – Agra and Jaipur – about 190 km from Delhi.
Keoladeo is just two km from the erstwhile royal capital of Bharatpur, termed as the ‘Eastern Gateway to Rajasthan’. Founded in 1733 AD by Maharaja Suraj Mal, the place was named Bharatpur after Bharat, younger brother of Lord Ram.
Spread over an area of 29 sq km, the park derives its name from the ancient temple dedicated to Keoladeo located at the centre of the park. ‘Ghana’ means dense and refers to the thick forest, which covered the area. About 11 sq km of the park is marsh land and the rest comprises of scrubland and grassland.
Bharatpur lake was created as an outcome of efforts to save the city from regular floods. The forests were the preferred hunting grounds for Bharatpur royals. Duck shoots were also organised annually for visiting British viceroys. According to historical records, over 4,273 birds were killed by Lord Linlithgow, the then Viceroy, in a duck shoot organised in 1938.
Keoladeo’s location is ideal as it straddles the north-south avian migratory route. The sanctuary attracts birds from India and also from Tibet, Siberia, Europe and China. Cranes including Siberian Cranes, pelicans, ducks, hawks, shanks, stints, wagtails, warblers, wheatears, flycatchers, buntings, larks and pipits, painted, open-billed, white necked and black necked stork, spoonbill, night heron, barheaded and grey-leg geese, imperial eagle, marsh harrier and laggar falcon can be found in the park. Monsoon is the best time to see the courtship of the birds and nesting inside the park
The park also boasts of an impressive list of fauna. Black Buck, sambhar, spotted deer, nilgais and pythons can also be spotted.

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